Third Sunday of Advent. Today this confirmation is required before the abbot general can exercise his powers. St. Angela Merici, Virgin - Optional Memorial †2012 Fr Donald Walople. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. In 1791, during the French Revolution, the abbey was seized and sold by the government. Previous. Others signalized themselves by their zeal for the restoration of discipline and by their reformatory tendencies: Edme I de la Croix (1585-1604), Nicholas II Boucherat (1604-25), Claude Vaussin (1643-70), John XII Petit (1670-92), Nicholas Larcher (1692-1712). abbots Archabbot abbacy. 3. Abbey of Cîteaux. On the Life and Excellent Conduct of the Most Reverend Fastrad, Abbot of Cîteaux 114 33. The abbey has about 35 members. Abbots from the Apostolic See 109 30. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. The second abbot was Saint Alberic, and the third abbot Saint Stephen Harding, who wrote the Carta Caritatis that described the organisation of the order. A small stream of water which overflowed its banks formed there a marsh covered with rushes and coarse grass called in the language of the country cistels, whence the name Cistell or Cîteaux (Latin Cistercium). Alberic of Cîteaux (died 26 January 1109), sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. The chateau, member of the chain Grandes Etapes Françaises (Great French Stopovers), offers you various activities. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°07′41″N 5°05′36″E / 47.12806°N 5.09333°E / 47.12806; 5.09333, 10.1093/gao/9781884446054.001.0001/oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866#oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866, "Violence and Daily Life: Reading, Art, and Polemics in the Cîteaux Moralia in Job", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cîteaux_Abbey&oldid=996525282, Religious buildings and structures completed in 1193, Christian monasteries established in the 11th century, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles to be expanded from September 2009, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Building and structure articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing the year an event occurred from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jacques III Theuley de Pontailler-sur-Saône. . . Exordia Sacri Ordinis Cisterciensis (Fr. Tudor: occurs as abbot in 1303. The Abbatial Election at Citeaux in 1625 - Volume 39 Issue 1 - Louis J. Lekai He was succeeded (Oct., 1904) by Dom Augustin Marre, Abbot Igny, titular Bishop of Constance, and General of the Order of Reformed Cistercians, who, having his residence at Rome, appointed for the government of Cîteaux an auxiliary, Dom Robert Lescand, titular Abbot of Saint-Aubin and Prior of the house of Cîteaux. These prepared the questions for the General Chapter, marked out the boundaries of the issues, defined issues, and proposed solutions for them. Insisting on simplicity in all aspects of monastic life, he was largely responsible for the severity of Cistercian architecture and the simple … The abbey was badly hit by the French Wars of Religion. Known from the Doomsday Book to have been Abbot in 1066. As head and superior general, he had the right, as he has today, to visit, either in person or by his delegate, all the monasteries of the order, and during the visit to exercise all jurisdictional powers. Cîteaux Abbey was founded in 1098 by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey, seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict, under the leadership of Saint Robert of Molesme, who became the first abbot, Saint Alberic, the second abbot, and Saint Stephen Harding the third abbot, who wrote the Carta Caritatis, that described the organisation of the order. 1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. Imprimatur. In many cases they had exercised it in other ways, for example delegating their authority to a group of "definitors" to solve problems that the Chapter did not … Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. He had the right to be called to the assembly of States General of the kingdom and to that of the states of the Province of Burgundy. Gildas, M. (1908). Knit together in the unity of the Holy Spirit, the blessed … Many abbots did not accept his election. The holy abbots Robert of Molesme, Alberic and Stephen Harding gave the Benedictine tradition a particular form when in 1098 they built the New Monastery of Cîteaux, the Mother of us all, and founded the Cistercian Order. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03792a.htm. About 1125, Saint Stephen established the nuns' monastery of "Tart", as Cîteaux's own daughter-house, entrusted to the pastoral care of the abbot of this monastery. APA citation. 8.) This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. As C. H. Lawrence puts it, folks were “seeking an outlet in new forms of religious organization. Discretion should be preserved, and careful consideration should be employed, by the prelates of the Church in fostering virtues and rooting out vices, so that they are neither harmed either by a thicket of thorns growing … (eds. He is now honored as a saint. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. From St. Robert to Blessed Guy III, twenty-three abbots are venerated in the order as saints and blessed. St. Robert built the first monastery of the Cistercian Order, which he named Novum Monasterium (new monastery), to distinguish it from the monastery of Molesme from which he and his brethren had come. Anian: occurs as abbot in June 1258. The great church of Cîteaux Abbey, begun in around 1140, was completed in 1193. "Abbey of Cîteaux." 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. Cistercian Abbots: Buckfast still followed the Rule of St. Benedict, as the Cistercians also live by that Rule. Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … EMBED. Alberic of Cîteaux (died 26 January 1109), sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. Cîteaux Abbey was founded on Saint Benedict's Day, 21 March 1098,[2] by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict. Robert, Alberic and Stephen, Abbots of Citeaux - Optional Memorial. They are also known as Bernardines, after the highly influential Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of one of the Franciscan Orders in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuculla" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over … Abbots from across the Order met annually at Cîteaux for General Chapter meetings to discuss important matters, introduce new rules and regulations, and handle disciplinary issues. The Abbey was supported by Renaud, Vicomte de Beaune, and Odo I, Duke of Burgundy. [6], The monastery produced the illuminated manuscript now known as the Cîteaux Moralia in Job in the year 1111.[7]. Nihil Obstat. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03792a.htm. David: occurs as abbot in 1284 and 1301. Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. They did not live permanently at Cîteaux. Enjoy the outdoor swimming pool (open in summer), massage rooms or cycle the lanes … The Cistercians officially the Order of Cistercians (Latin: (Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis, abbreviated as OCist or SOCist), are a Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that branched off from the Benedictines and follow the Rule of Saint Benedict. The name of Cîteaux, which this place formerly bore, soon supplanted that of Novum Monasterium, by which it is called in the "Exordium Cisterciensis Ordinis". The office … On 4 May, 1791, the abbey was sold for the first time as national property. Media in category "Abbots of Cîteaux" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. It is notable for being the original house of the Cistercian order. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the “Charter of Charity”, work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. The office was … In 1698, the abbey only had 72 professed monks. … Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam . The fleet of King Enzio attacked the Genoese ships on 3 May, and Stephen would have fallen into the hands of the enemy had he not been saved by the valour of his brother, John … This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, who would later be proclaimed Doctor of the Church, was a monk of Cîteaux Abbey and left it in 1115 to found Clairvaux Abbey, of which he was the first abbot. The new monastery was inaugurated on the feast of St. Benedict, 21 March, 1098. Cîteaux was then an important center of Christianity. Today, it belongs to the Trappists (also called the Cistercians of the Strict Observance). Lambert (1155-61), Gilbert (1163-67), Alexander (1168-75), and Arnaud I (1201-12) are recognized for the eminent services rendered to the popes and to the kings. The Duke of Burgundy, Eudes I, touched by the holy life of the monks of Cîteaux, encouraged the work and took upon himself the obligation of defraying all the expenses. But its past glory and the regularity which still existed at the end of the eighteenth century could not save Cîteaux. Saints Robert, Alberic and Stephen, the holy abbots of Citeaux. 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. It is remarkable, however, that with the exception of one lay brother, none of the religious of Cîteaux accepted the pension of the State. He was Abbot when Buckfast was affiliated to the Abbey of Citeaux (Cistercian). Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! The abbot of Cîteaux was also ipso facto prime counsellor (primus consiliarius natus) in the Parliament of Burgundy. In 1791, the abbey, which possessed 9800 acres of land, was sold for 862,000 pounds, and this money was used in turn for various purposes. The Abbé Joseph Rey, founder of the Brothers of St. Joseph, purchased it in 1846, established a colony for agricultural purposes there, and opened a school for the reception and education of young delinquents and abandoned children. The toponym predates the abbey, but its origin is uncertain. ), 1998: This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 03:13. [3] They were led by Saint Robert of Molesme,[4] who became the first abbot. How, by the Spirit, the Blessed Father Stephen Was Aware of the Unworthiness of His Successor and about Stephen’s Precious Death 113 32. Founded in 1098 by St. Robert, Abbot of Molesme, in a deserted and uninhabited part of the Diocese of Châlons-sur Saône, today the Diocese of Dijon (Côte-d'Or, France), from which city it is four leagues distant. The abbey then slowly declined for the next century. Today the abbot is elected by the general chapter, the religious of Cîteaux not participating. Life. Having lost all hope of saving his monastery, he begged Pius VI, 25 July, 1790, to transfer his powers to Dom Robert Schlecht, Abbot of Salmansweiler, a precaution which left life and hope to the other provinces. 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